draft-ietf-pce-segment-routing-11.txt   draft-ietf-pce-segment-routing-12.txt 
PCE S. Sivabalan PCE S. Sivabalan
Internet-Draft C. Filsfils Internet-Draft C. Filsfils
Intended status: Standards Track Cisco Systems, Inc. Intended status: Standards Track Cisco Systems, Inc.
Expires: May 24, 2018 J. Tantsura Expires: December 31, 2018 J. Tantsura
Individual Individual
W. Henderickx W. Henderickx
Nokia Nokia
J. Hardwick J. Hardwick
Metaswitch Networks Metaswitch Networks
November 20, 2017 June 29, 2018
PCEP Extensions for Segment Routing PCEP Extensions for Segment Routing
draft-ietf-pce-segment-routing-11 draft-ietf-pce-segment-routing-12
Abstract Abstract
Segment Routing (SR) enables any head-end node to select any path Segment Routing (SR) enables any head-end node to select any path
without relying on a hop-by-hop signaling technique (e.g., LDP or without relying on a hop-by-hop signaling technique (e.g., LDP or
RSVP-TE). It depends only on "segments" that are advertised by Link- RSVP-TE). It depends only on "segments" that are advertised by Link-
State Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs). A Segment Routed Path can State Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs). A Segment Routed Path can
be derived from a variety of mechanisms, including an IGP Shortest be derived from a variety of mechanisms, including an IGP Shortest
Path Tree (SPT), explicit configuration, or a Path Computation Path Tree (SPT), explicit configuration, or a Path Computation
Element (PCE). This document specifies extensions to the Path Element (PCE). This document specifies extensions to the Path
Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) that allow a stateful PCE to Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) that allow a stateful PCE to
compute and initiate Traffic Engineering (TE) paths, as well as a PCC compute and initiate Traffic Engineering (TE) paths, as well as a PCC
to request a path subject to certain constraint(s) and optimization to request a path subject to certain constraints and optimization
criteria in SR networks. criteria in SR networks.
Requirements Language Requirements Language
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
capitals, as shown here.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on May 24, 2018. This Internet-Draft will expire on December 31, 2018.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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described in the Simplified BSD License. described in the Simplified BSD License.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3. Overview of PCEP Operation in SR Networks . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Overview of PCEP Operation in SR Networks . . . . . . . . . . 5
4. SR-Specific PCEP Message Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4. SR-Specific PCEP Message Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5. Object Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5. Object Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1. The OPEN Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5.1. The OPEN Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1.1. The SR PCE Capability sub-TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 5.1.1. The SR PCE Capability sub-TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.1.2. Exchanging the SR PCE Capability . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.2. The RP/SRP Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.2. The RP/SRP Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5.3. ERO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
5.3. ERO Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 5.3.1. SR-ERO Subobject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.3.1. SR-ERO Subobject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.3.2. NAI Associated with SID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.3.2. NAI Associated with SID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.4. RRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.3.3. ERO Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5.5. METRIC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.4. RRO Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 6. Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.4.1. RRO Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 6.1. Exchanging the SR PCE Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.5. METRIC Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 6.2. ERO Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6. Backward Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 6.2.1. SR-ERO Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
7. Management Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 6.2.2. Interpreting the SR-ERO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.1. Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 6.3. RRO Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
7.2. The PCEP Data Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 7. Backward Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8. Management Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.1. Controlling the Path Setup Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9.1. PCEP Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.2. Migrating a Network to Use PCEP Segment Routed Paths . . 22
9.2. PCEP-Error Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 8.3. Verification of Network Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.3. PCEP TLV Type Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 8.4. Relationship to Existing Management Models . . . . . . . 24
9.4. New Path Setup Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
9.5. New Metric Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
10. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 10.1. PCEP Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
11. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 10.2. New NAI Type Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
12. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 10.3. New SR-ERO Flag Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
12.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 10.4. PCEP-Error Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
12.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 10.5. PCEP TLV Type Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 10.6. New Path Setup Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
10.7. New Metric Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
10.8. SR PCE Capability Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
11. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
12. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
SR technology leverages the source routing and tunneling paradigms. Segment Routing (SR) technology leverages the source routing and
A source node can choose a path without relying on hop-by-hop tunneling paradigms. A source node can choose a path without relying
signaling protocols such as LDP or RSVP-TE. Each path is specified on hop-by-hop signaling protocols such as LDP or RSVP-TE. Each path
as a set of "segments" advertised by link-state routing protocols is specified as a set of "segments" advertised by link-state routing
(IS-IS or OSPF). [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] provides an protocols (IS-IS or OSPF). [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]
introduction to SR architecture. The corresponding IS-IS and OSPF provides an introduction to the SR architecture. The corresponding
extensions are specified in IS-IS and OSPF extensions are specified in
[I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions] and [I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions] and
[I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions], respectively. SR [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions], respectively. The SR
architecture defines a "segment" as a piece of information advertised architecture defines a "segment" as a piece of information advertised
by a link-state routing protocols, e.g. an IGP prefix or an IGP by a link-state routing protocols, e.g., an IGP prefix or an IGP
adjacency. Several types of segments are defined. A Node segment adjacency. Several types of segments are defined. A Node segment
represents an ECMP-aware shortest-path computed by IGP to a specific represents an ECMP-aware shortest-path computed by IGP to a specific
node, and is always global within SR/IGP domain. An Adjacency node, and is always identified uniquely within the SR/IGP domain. An
Segment represents a unidirectional adjacency. An Adjacency Segment Adjacency Segment represents a unidirectional adjacency. An
is local to the node which advertises it. Both Node segments and Adjacency Segment is local to the node which advertises it. Both
Adjacency segments can be used for SR Traffic Engineering (SR-TE). Node segments and Adjacency segments can be used for SR Traffic
Engineering (SR-TE).
The SR architecture can be applied to the MPLS forwarding plane The SR architecture can be implemented using either an MPLS
without any change, in which case an SR path corresponds to an MPLS forwarding plane [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls] or an IPv6
Label Switching Path (LSP). This document is relevant to the MPLS forwarding plane [I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header]. The MPLS
forwarding plane only. In this document, "Node-SID" and "Adjacency- forwarding plane can be applied to SR without any change, in which
SID" denote Node Segment Identifier and Adjacency Segment Identifier case an SR path corresponds to an MPLS Label Switching Path (LSP).
respectively. This document is relevant to the MPLS forwarding plane only. In this
document, "Node-SID" and "Adjacency-SID" denote Node Segment
Identifier and Adjacency Segment Identifier respectively.
A Segment Routed path (SR path) can be derived from an IGP Shortest A Segment Routed path (SR path) can be derived from an IGP Shortest
Path Tree (SPT). SR-TE paths may not follow an IGP SPT. Such paths Path Tree (SPT). SR-TE paths may not follow an IGP SPT. Such paths
may be chosen by a suitable network planning tool and provisioned on may be chosen by a suitable network planning tool and provisioned on
the ingress node of the SR-TE path. the ingress node of the SR-TE path.
[RFC5440] describes the Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) for [RFC5440] describes the Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) for
communication between a Path Computation Client (PCC) and a Path communication between a Path Computation Client (PCC) and a Path
Computation Element (PCE) or between a pair of PCEs. A PCE, or a PCC Computation Element (PCE) or between a pair of PCEs. A PCE computes
operating as a PCE (in hierarchical PCE environment), computes paths paths for MPLS Traffic Engineering LSPs (MPLS-TE LSPs) based on
for MPLS Traffic Engineering LSPs (MPLS-TE LSPs) based on various various constraints and optimization criteria. [RFC8231] specifies
constraints and optimization criteria. [RFC8231] specifies
extensions to PCEP that allow a stateful PCE to compute and recommend extensions to PCEP that allow a stateful PCE to compute and recommend
network paths in compliance with [RFC4657] and defines objects and network paths in compliance with [RFC4657] and defines objects and
TLVs for MPLS-TE LSPs. Stateful PCEP extensions provide TLVs for MPLS-TE LSPs. Stateful PCEP extensions provide
synchronization of LSP state between a PCC and a PCE or between a synchronization of LSP state between a PCC and a PCE or between a
pair of PCEs, delegation of LSP control, reporting of LSP state from pair of PCEs, delegation of LSP control, reporting of LSP state from
a PCC to a PCE, controlling the setup and path routing of an LSP from a PCC to a PCE, controlling the setup and path routing of an LSP from
a PCE to a PCC. Stateful PCEP extensions are intended for an a PCE to a PCC. Stateful PCEP extensions are intended for an
operational model in which LSPs are configured on the PCC, and operational model in which LSPs are configured on the PCC, and
control over them is delegated to the PCE. control over them is delegated to the PCE.
A mechanism to dynamically initiate LSPs on a PCC based on the A mechanism to dynamically initiate LSPs on a PCC based on the
requests from a stateful PCE or a controller using stateful PCE is requests from a stateful PCE or a controller using stateful PCE is
specified in [I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp]. This mechanism is specified in [RFC8281]. This mechanism is useful in Software Defined
useful in Software Defined Networking (SDN) applications, such as on- Networking (SDN) applications, such as on-demand engineering, or
demand engineering, or bandwidth calendaring. bandwidth calendaring.
It is possible to use a stateful PCE for computing one or more SR-TE It is possible to use a stateful PCE for computing one or more SR-TE
paths taking into account various constraints and objective paths taking into account various constraints and objective
functions. Once a path is chosen, the stateful PCE can initiate an functions. Once a path is chosen, the stateful PCE can initiate an
SR-TE path on a PCC using PCEP extensions specified in SR-TE path on a PCC using PCEP extensions specified in [RFC8281]
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp] using the SR specific PCEP using the SR specific PCEP extensions specified in this document.
extensions specified in this document. Additionally, using Additionally, using procedures described in this document, a PCC can
procedures described in this document, a PCC can request an SR path request an SR path from either a stateful or a stateless PCE.
from either stateful or a stateless PCE. This specification relies
on the procedures specified in [I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type]. This specification relies on the procedures specified in
[I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type] to exchange the segment routing
capability and to specify that the path setup type of an LSP is
segment routing.
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
The following terminologies are used in this document: The following terminologies are used in this document:
ERO: Explicit Route Object ERO: Explicit Route Object
IGP: Interior Gateway Protocol IGP: Interior Gateway Protocol
IS-IS: Intermediate System to Intermediate System IS-IS: Intermediate System to Intermediate System
skipping to change at page 5, line 4 skipping to change at page 5, line 17
NAI: Node or Adjacency Identifier NAI: Node or Adjacency Identifier
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First OSPF: Open Shortest Path First
PCC: Path Computation Client PCC: Path Computation Client
PCE: Path Computation Element PCE: Path Computation Element
PCEP: Path Computation Element Protocol PCEP: Path Computation Element Protocol
RRO: Record Route Object RRO: Record Route Object
SID: Segment Identifier SID: Segment Identifier
SR: Segment Routing SR: Segment Routing
SR-TE: Segment Routed Traffic Engineering SR-TE: Segment Routed Traffic Engineering
TED: Traffic Engineering Database
3. Overview of PCEP Operation in SR Networks 3. Overview of PCEP Operation in SR Networks
In SR networks, an ingress node of an SR path appends all outgoing In an SR network, the ingress node of an SR path prepends an SR
packets with an SR header consisting of a list of SIDs (or MPLS header to all outgoing packets. The SR header consists of a list of
labels in the context of this document). The header has all SIDs (or MPLS labels in the context of this document). The header
necessary information to guide the packets from the ingress node to has all necessary information so that, in combination with the
the egress node of the path, and hence there is no need for any information distributed by the IGP, the packets can be guided from
signaling protocol. the ingress node to the egress node of the path; hence, there is no
need for any signaling protocol.
In a PCEP session, LSP information is carried in the Explicit Route In PCEP messages, LSP route information is carried in the Explicit
Object (ERO), which consists of a sequence of subobjects. Various Route Object (ERO), which consists of a sequence of subobjects. In
types of ERO subobjects have been specified in [RFC3209], [RFC3473], SR networks, an ingress node of an SR path prepends an SR header to
and [RFC3477]. In SR networks, an ingress node of an SR path appends all outgoing packets. The SR header consists of a list of SIDs (or
all outgoing packets with an SR header consisting of a list of SIDs MPLS labels in the context of this document). SR-TE paths computed
(or MPLS labels in the context of this document). SR-TE LSPs by a PCE can be represented in an ERO in one of the following forms:
computed by a PCE can be represented in one of the following forms:
o An ordered set of IP address(es) representing network nodes/links: o An ordered set of IP addresses representing network nodes/links:
In this case, the PCC needs to convert the IP address(es) into the In this case, the PCC needs to convert the IP addresses into the
corresponding MPLS labels by consulting its Traffic Engineering corresponding MPLS labels by consulting its Link State Database
Database (TED). (LSDB).
o An ordered set of SID(s). o An ordered set of SIDs, with or without the corresponding IP
addresses.
o An ordered set of both MPLS label(s) and IP address(es): In this o An ordered set of MPLS labels and IP addresses: In this case, the
case, the PCC needs to convert the IP address(es) into the PCC needs to convert the IP addresses into the corresponding SIDs
corresponding SID(s) by consulting its TED. by consulting its LSDB.
This document defines a new ERO subobject denoted by "SR-ERO This document defines a new ERO subobject denoted by "SR-ERO
subobject" capable of carrying a SID as well as the identity of the subobject" capable of carrying a SID as well as the identity of the
node/adjacency represented by the SID. SR-capable PCEP speakers node/adjacency represented by the SID. SR-capable PCEP speakers
should be able to generate and/or process such ERO subobject. An ERO should be able to generate and/or process such ERO subobject. An ERO
containing SR-ERO subobjects can be included in the PCEP Path containing SR-ERO subobjects can be included in the PCEP Path
Computation Reply (PCRep) message defined in [RFC5440], the PCEP LSP Computation Reply (PCRep) message defined in [RFC5440], the PCEP LSP
Initiate Request message (PCInitiate) defined in Initiate Request message (PCInitiate) defined in [RFC8281], as well
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp], as well as in the PCEP LSP Update as in the PCEP LSP Update Request (PCUpd) and PCEP LSP State Report
Request (PCUpd) and PCEP LSP State Report (PCRpt) messages defined in (PCRpt) messages defined in [RFC8231].
[RFC8231].
When a PCEP session between a PCC and a PCE is established, both PCEP When a PCEP session between a PCC and a PCE is established, both PCEP
speakers exchange their capabilites to indicate their ability to speakers exchange their capabilites to indicate their ability to
support SR-specific functionality. support SR-specific functionality.
An PCE can update an LSP that is initially established via RSVP-TE An PCE can update an LSP that is initially established via RSVP-TE
signaling to use an SR-TE path, by sending a PCUpd to the PCC that signaling to use an SR-TE path, by sending a PCUpd to the PCC that
delegated the LSP to it ([RFC8231]). Similarly, an LSP initially delegated the LSP to it ([RFC8231]). Similarly, an LSP initially
created with an SR-TE path can be updated to use RSVP-TE signaling, created with an SR-TE path can be updated to use RSVP-TE signaling,
if necessary. This capability is useful when a network is migrated if necessary. This capability is useful when a network is migrated
from RSVP-TE to SR-TE technology. from RSVP-TE to SR-TE technology.
A PCC MAY include an RRO object containing the recorded LSP in PCReq A PCC MAY include an RRO containing the recorded LSP in PCReq and
and PCRpt messages as specified in [RFC5440] and [RFC8231], PCRpt messages as specified in [RFC5440] and [RFC8231], respectively.
respectively. This document defines a new RRO subobject for SR This document defines a new RRO subobject for SR networks. The
networks. The methods used by a PCC to record the SR-TE LSP are methods used by a PCC to record the SR-TE LSP are outside the scope
outside the scope of this document. of this document.
In summary, this document: In summary, this document:
o Defines a new ERO subobject, a new RRO subobject and new PCEP o Defines a new ERO subobject, a new RRO subobject and new PCEP
error codes. error codes.
o Specifies how two PCEP speakers can establish a PCEP session that o Specifies how two PCEP speakers can establish a PCEP session that
can carry information about SR-TE paths. can carry information about SR-TE paths.
o Specifies processing rules for the ERO subobject. o Specifies processing rules for the ERO subobject.
skipping to change at page 6, line 43 skipping to change at page 7, line 10
and PATH_SETUP_TYPE_CAPABILITY TLVs and PATH_SETUP_TYPE_CAPABILITY TLVs
([I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type]). ([I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type]).
o Defines a new sub-TLV for the PATH_SETUP_TYPE_CAPABILITY TLV. o Defines a new sub-TLV for the PATH_SETUP_TYPE_CAPABILITY TLV.
The extensions specified in this document complement the existing The extensions specified in this document complement the existing
PCEP specifications to support SR-TE paths. As such, the PCEP PCEP specifications to support SR-TE paths. As such, the PCEP
messages (e.g., Path Computation Request, Path Computation Reply, messages (e.g., Path Computation Request, Path Computation Reply,
Path Computation Report, Path Computation Update, Path Computation Path Computation Report, Path Computation Update, Path Computation
Initiate, etc.,) MUST be formatted according to [RFC5440], [RFC8231], Initiate, etc.,) MUST be formatted according to [RFC5440], [RFC8231],
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp], and any other applicable PCEP [RFC8281], and any other applicable PCEP specifications.
specifications.
4. SR-Specific PCEP Message Extensions 4. SR-Specific PCEP Message Extensions
As defined in [RFC5440], a PCEP message consists of a common header As defined in [RFC5440], a PCEP message consists of a common header
followed by a variable length body made up of mandatory and/or followed by a variable length body made up of mandatory and/or
optional objects. This document does not require any changes in the optional objects. This document does not require any changes in the
format of the PCReq and PCRep messages specified in [RFC5440], format of the PCReq and PCRep messages specified in [RFC5440],
PCInitiate message specified in [I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp], and PCInitiate message specified in [RFC8281], and PCRpt and PCUpd
PCRpt and PCUpd messages specified in [RFC8231]. messages specified in [RFC8231].
5. Object Formats 5. Object Formats
5.1. The OPEN Object 5.1. The OPEN Object
5.1.1. The SR PCE Capability sub-TLV 5.1.1. The SR PCE Capability sub-TLV
This document defines a new Path Setup Type (PST) for SR, as follows: This document defines a new Path Setup Type (PST) for SR, as follows:
o PST = 1: Path is setup using Segment Routing Traffic Engineering. o PST = 1: Path is setup using Segment Routing Traffic Engineering.
skipping to change at page 7, line 35 skipping to change at page 8, line 10
CAPABILITY sub-TLV inside the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV. CAPABILITY sub-TLV inside the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV.
The format of the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV is shown in the following The format of the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV is shown in the following
figure: figure:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type=26 | Length=4 | | Type=26 | Length=4 |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Reserved | Flags |L| MSD | | Reserved | Flags |N|L| MSD |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 1: SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV format Figure 1: SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV format
The code point for the TLV type is 26. The TLV length is 4 octets. The code point for the TLV type is 26. The TLV length is 4 octets.
The 32-bit value is formatted as follows. The "Maximum SID Depth" (1 The 32-bit value is formatted as follows. The "Maximum SID Depth" (1
octet) field (MSD) specifies the maximum number of SIDs (MPLS label octet) field (MSD) specifies the maximum number of SIDs (MPLS label
stack depth in the context of this document) that a PCC is capable of stack depth in the context of this document) that a PCC is capable of
imposing on a packet. The "Reserved" (2 octets) field is unused, and imposing on a packet. The "Reserved" (2 octets) field is unused, and
MUST be set to zero on transmission and ignored on reception. The MUST be set to zero on transmission and ignored on reception. The
"Flags" field is 1 octect long, and this document defines the "Flags" field is 1 octet long, and this document defines the
following flag: following flags:
o L-flag: A PCC sets this flag to 1 to indicate that it does not o L flag: A PCC sets this flag to 1 to indicate that it does not
impose any limit on the MSD. impose any limit on the MSD.
5.1.2. Exchanging the SR PCE Capability o N flag: A PCC sets this flag to 1 to indicate that it is capable
of resolving a Node or Adjacency Identifier (NAI) to a SID.
A PCC indicates that it is capable of supporting the head-end
functions for SR-TE LSP by including the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV in
the Open message that it sends to a PCE. A PCE indicates that it is
capable of computing SR-TE paths by including the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY
sub-TLV in the Open message that it sends to a PCC.
If a PCEP speaker receives a PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV with a
PST list containing PST=1, but the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV is
absent, then the PCEP speaker MUST send a PCErr message with Error-
Type 10 (Reception of an invalid object) and Error-Value TBD1 (to be
assigned by IANA) (Missing PCE-SR-CAPABILITY sub-TLV) and MUST then
close the PCEP session. If a PCEP speaker receives a PATH-SETUP-
TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV with a SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV, but the PST
list does not contain PST=1, then the PCEP speaker MUST ignore the
SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV.
The number of SIDs that can be imposed on a packet depends on the
PCC's data plane's capability. If a PCC sets the L flag to 1 then
the MSD is not used and MUST be set to zero. If a PCE receives an
SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV with the L flag set to 1 then it MUST
ignore the MSD field and MUST assume that the sender can impose a SID
stack of any depth. If a PCC sets the L flag to zero, then it sets
the MSD field to the maximum number of SIDs that it can impose on a
packet. If a PCE receives an SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV with the L
flag and MSD both set to zero then it MUST assume that the PCC is not
capable of imposing a SID stack of any depth and hence is not SR-TE
capable, unless it learns a non-zero MSD for the PCC through some
other means.
Note that the MSD value exchanged via the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV
indicates the SID/label imposition limit for the PCC node. However,
if a PCE learns the MSD value of a PCC node via different means, e.g
routing protocols, as specified in:
[I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd];
[I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd];
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd], then it ignores the MSD
value in the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV. Furthermore, whenever a PCE
learns the MSD for a link via different means, it MUST use that value
for that link regardless of the MSD value exchanged in the SR-PCE-
CAPABILITY sub-TLV.
Once an SR-capable PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD
value, the corresponding PCE MUST NOT send SR-TE paths with a number
of SIDs exceeding that MSD value. If a PCC needs to modify the MSD
value, it MUST close the PCEP session and re-establish it with the
new MSD value. If a PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD
value, and the PCC receives an SR-TE path containing more SIDs than
specified in the MSD value, the PCC MUST send a PCErr message with
Error-Type 10 (Reception of an invalid object) and Error-Value 3
(Unsupported number of Segment ERO subobjects). If a PCEP session is
established with an MSD value of zero, then the PCC MAY specify an
MSD for each path computation request that it sends to the PCE, by
including a "maximum SID depth" metric object on the request, as
defined in Section 5.5.
The L flag and MSD value inside the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV are
meaningful only in the Open message sent from a PCC to a PCE. As
such, a PCE MUST set the L flag and MSD value to zero in an outbound
message to a PCC. Similarly, a PCC MUST ignore any MSD value
received from a PCE. If a PCE receives multiple SR-PCE-CAPABILITY
sub-TLVs in an Open message, it processes only the first sub-TLV
received.
5.2. The RP/SRP Object 5.2. The RP/SRP Object
In order to setup an SR-TE LSP using SR, RP or SRP object MUST To set up an SR-TE LSP using SR, the RP or SRP object MUST include
include PATH-SETUP-TYPE TLV, specified in the PATH-SETUP-TYPE TLV, specified in [I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type],
[I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type], with the PST set to 1 (path setup with the PST set to 1 (path setup using SR-TE).
using SR-TE).
The LSP-IDENTIFIERS TLV MAY be present for the above PST type. The LSP-IDENTIFIERS TLV MAY be present for the above PST type.
5.3. ERO Object 5.3. ERO
An SR-TE path consists of one or more SID(s) where each SID MAY be An SR-TE path consists of one or more SIDs where each SID MAY be
associated with the identifier that represents the node or adjacency associated with the identifier that represents the node or adjacency
corresponding to the SID. This identifier is referred to as the corresponding to the SID. This identifier is referred to as the
'Node or Adjacency Identifier' (NAI). As described later, a NAI can 'Node or Adjacency Identifier' (NAI). As described later, a NAI can
be represented in various formats (e.g., IPv4 address, IPv6 address, be represented in various formats (e.g., IPv4 address, IPv6 address,
etc). Furthermore, a NAI is used for troubleshooting purposes and, etc). Furthermore, a NAI is used for troubleshooting purposes and,
if necessary, to derive SID value as described below. if necessary, to derive SID value as described below.
The ERO object specified in [RFC5440] is used to carry SR-TE path The ERO specified in [RFC5440] is used to carry SR-TE path
information. In order to carry SID and/or NAI, this document defines information. In order to carry SID and/or NAI, this document defines
a new ERO subobject referred to as "SR-ERO subobject" whose format is a new ERO subobject referred to as "SR-ERO subobject" whose format is
specified in the following section. An ERO object carrying an SR-TE specified in the following section. An ERO carrying an SR-TE path
path consists of one or more ERO subobject(s), and MUST carry only consists of one or more ERO subobjects, and MUST carry only SR-ERO
SR-ERO subobject(s). Note that an SR-ERO subobject does not need to subobjects. Note that an SR-ERO subobject does not need to have both
have both SID and NAI. However, at least one of them MUST be SID and NAI. However, at least one of them MUST be present.
present.
When building the MPLS label stack from ERO, a PCC MUST assume that When building the MPLS label stack from ERO, a PCC MUST assume that
SR-ERO subobjects are organized as a last-in-first-out stack. The SR-ERO subobjects are organized as a last-in-first-out stack. The
first subobject relative to the beginning of ERO contains the first subobject relative to the beginning of ERO contains the
information about the topmost label. The last subobject contains information about the topmost label. The last subobject contains
information about the bottommost label. information about the bottommost label.
5.3.1. SR-ERO Subobject 5.3.1. SR-ERO Subobject
An SR-ERO subobject consists of a 32-bit header followed by the SID An SR-ERO subobject consists of a 32-bit header followed by the SID
and the NAI associated with the SID. The SID is a 32-bit number. and/or the NAI associated with the SID. The SID is a 32-bit number.
The size of the NAI depends on its respective type, as described in The size of the NAI depends on its respective type, as described in
the following sections. the following sections. At least one of the SID and the NAI MUST be
included in the SR-ERO subobject, and both MAY be included.
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|L| Type | Length | ST | Flags |F|S|C|M| |L| Type=36 | Length | NT | Flags |F|S|C|M|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| SID | | SID (optional) |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
// NAI (variable) // // NAI (variable, optional) //
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 2: SR-ERO Subobject format Figure 2: SR-ERO Subobject format
The fields in the SR-ERO Subobject are as follows: The fields in the SR-ERO Subobject are as follows:
The 'L' Flag indicates whether the subobject represents a loose-hop The 'L' Flag indicates whether the subobject represents a loose-hop
in the LSP [RFC3209]. If this flag is unset, a PCC MUST not in the LSP [RFC3209]. If this flag is set to zero, a PCC MUST NOT
overwrite the SID value present in the SR-ERO subobject. overwrite the SID value present in the SR-ERO subobject.
Otherwise, a PCC MAY expand or replace one or more SID value(s) in Otherwise, a PCC MAY expand or replace one or more SID values in
the received SR-ERO based on its local policy. the received SR-ERO based on its local policy.
Type is the type of the SR-ERO subobject. This document defines the Type is set to 36.
SR-ERO subobject type, and requests a new codepoint from IANA.
Length contains the total length of the subobject in octets, Length contains the total length of the subobject in octets,
including the L, Type and Length fields. Length MUST be at least including the L, Type and Length fields. The Length MUST be at
8, and MUST be a multiple of 4. As mentioned earlier, an SR-ERO least 8, and MUST be a multiple of 4. As mentioned earlier, an
subobject MUST have at least SID or NAI. The length should take SR-ERO subobject MUST contain at least one of a SID or an NAI.
into consideration SID or NAI only if they are not null. The
flags described below used to indicate whether SID or NAI field is
null.
SID Type (ST) indicates the type of information associated with the The length should include the SID and NAI fields if and only if
SID contained in the object body. When ST value is 0, SID MUST they are not absent. The flags described below indicate whether
NOT be null and NAI MUST be null. Other ST values are described the SID or NAI fields are absent.
later in this document.
Flags is used to carry any additional information pertaining to SID. NAI Type (NT) indicates the type and format of the NAI associated
Currently, the following flag bits are defined: with the SID contained in the object body. This document
describes the following NT values:
* M: When this bit is set, the SID value represents an MPLS label NT=0 The NAI is absent.
stack entry as specified in [RFC5462] where only the label
value is specified by the PCE. Other fields (TC, S, and TTL)
fields MUST be considered invalid, and PCC MUST set these
fields according to its local policy and MPLS forwarding rules.
* C: When this bit as well as the M bit are set, then the SID NT=1 The NAI is an IPv4 node ID.
value represents an MPLS label stack entry as specified in
[RFC5462], where all the entry's fields (Label, TC, S, and TTL)
are specified by the PCE. However, a PCC MAY choose to
override TC, S, and TTL values according its local policy and
MPLS forwarding rules.
* S: When this bit is set, the SID value in the subobject body is NT=2 The NAI is an IPv6 node ID.
null. In this case, the PCC is responsible for choosing the
SID value, e.g., by looking up its TED using the NAI which, in
this case, MUST be present in the subobject.
* F: When this bit is set, the NAI value in the subobject body is NT=3 The NAI is an IPv4 adjacency.
null.
NT=4 The NAI is an IPv6 adjacency.
NT=5 The NAI is an unnumbered adjacency with IPv4 node IDs.
Flags is used to carry additional information pertaining to the SID.
This document defines the following flag bits. The other bits
MUST be set to zero by the sender and MUST be ignored by the
receiver.
* M: If this bit is set to 1, the SID value represents an MPLS
label stack entry as specified in [RFC3032]. Otherwise, the
SID value is an administratively configured value which acts as
an index into an MPLS label space.
* C: If the M bit and the C bit are both set to 1, then the TC,
S, and TTL fields in the MPLS label stack entry are specified
by the PCE. However, a PCC MAY choose to override these values
according its local policy and MPLS forwarding rules. If the M
bit is set to 1 but the C bit is set to zero, then the TC, S,
and TTL fields MUST be ignored by the PCC. The PCC MUST set
these fields according to its local policy and MPLS forwarding
rules. If the M bit is set to zero then the C bit MUST be set
to zero.
* S: When this bit is set to 1, the SID value in the subobject
body is absent. In this case, the PCC is responsible for
choosing the SID value, e.g., by looking up in its LSDB using
the NAI which, in this case, MUST be present in the subobject.
If the S bit is set to 1 then the M and C bits MUST be set to
zero.
* F: When this bit is set to 1, the NAI value in the subobject
body is absent. The F bit MUST be set to 1 if NT=0, and
otherwise MUST be set to zero. The S and F bits MUST NOT both
be set to 1.
SID is the Segment Identifier. SID is the Segment Identifier.
NAI contains the NAI associated with the SID. Depending on the NAI contains the NAI associated with the SID. The NAI's format
value of ST, the NAI can have different format as described in the depends on the value in the NT field, and is described in the
following section. following section.
5.3.2. NAI Associated with SID 5.3.2. NAI Associated with SID
This document defines the following NAIs: This document defines the following NAIs:
'IPv4 Node ID' is specified as an IPv4 address. In this case, ST 'IPv4 Node ID' is specified as an IPv4 address. In this case, the
value is 1, and the Length is 8 or 12 depending on either SID or NT value is 1.
NAI or both are included in the subobject.
'IPv6 Node ID' is specified as an IPv6 address. In this case, ST 'IPv6 Node ID' is specified as an IPv6 address. In this case, the
and Length are 2, and Length is 8, 20, or 24 depending on either NT value is 2.
SID or NAI or both are included in the subobject.
'IPv4 Adjacency' is specified as a pair of IPv4 addresses. In this 'IPv4 Adjacency' is specified as a pair of IPv4 addresses. In this
case, ST value is 3. The Length is 8, 12, or 16 depending on case, the NT value is 3. The format of the NAI is shown in the
either SID or NAI or both are included in the subobject, and the following figure:
format of the NAI is shown in the following figure:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Local IPv4 address | | Local IPv4 address |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Remote IPv4 address | | Remote IPv4 address |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 3: NAI for IPv4 adjacency Figure 3: NAI for IPv4 adjacency
'IPv6 Adjacency' is specified as a pair of IPv6 addresses. In this 'IPv6 Adjacency' is specified as a pair of IPv6 addresses. In this
case, ST valie is 4. The Length is 8, 36 or 40 depending on case, the NT value is 4. The format of the NAI is shown in the
whether SID or NAI or both included in the subobject,and the following figure:
format of the NAI is shown in the following figure:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
// Local IPv6 address (16 bytes) // // Local IPv6 address (16 bytes) //
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
// Remote IPv6 address (16 bytes) // // Remote IPv6 address (16 bytes) //
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 4: NAI for IPv6 adjacency Figure 4: NAI for IPv6 adjacency
'Unnumbered Adjacency with IPv4 NodeIDs' is specified as a pair of 'Unnumbered Adjacency with IPv4 NodeIDs' is specified as a pair of
Node ID / Interface ID tuples. In this case, ST value is 5. The Node ID / Interface ID tuples. In this case, the NT value is 5.
Length is 8, 20, or 24 depending on whether SID or NAI or both The format of the NAI is shown in the following figure:
included in the subobject, and the format of the NAI is shown in
the following figure:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Local Node-ID | | Local Node-ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Local Interface ID | | Local Interface ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Remote Node-ID | | Remote Node-ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Remote Interface ID | | Remote Interface ID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 5: NAI for Unnumbered adjacency with IPv4 Node IDs Figure 5: NAI for Unnumbered adjacency with IPv4 Node IDs
5.3.3. ERO Processing 5.4. RRO
A PCEP speaker that does not recognize the SR-ERO subobject in PCRep,
PCInitiate, PCUpd or PCRpt messages MUST reject the entire PCEP
message and MUST send a PCErr message with Error-Type=3 ("Unknown
Object") and Error-Value=2 ("Unrecognized object Type") or Error-
Type=4 ("Not supported object") and Error-Value=2 ("Not supported
object Type"), defined in [RFC5440].
When the SID represents an MPLS label (i.e. the M bit is set), its
value (20 most significant bits) MUST be larger than 15, unless it is
special purpose label, such as an Entropy Label Indicator (ELI). If
a PCEP speaker receives an invalid value, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error Value = 2 ("Bad label value"). If both M and C bits of an SR-
ERO subobject are set, and if a PCEP speaker finds erroneous setting
in one or more of TC, S, and TTL fields, it MUST send a PCErr message
with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-
Value = 4 ("Bad label format").
If a PCC receives a stack of SR-ERO subobjects, and the number of
stack exceeds the maximum number of SIDs that the PCC can impose on
the packet, it MAY send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10
("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = 3 ("Unsupported
number of Segment ERO subobjects").
When a PCEP speaker detects that all subobjects of ERO are not
identical, and if it does not handle such ERO, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error-Value = 5 ("Non-identical ERO subobjects").
If a PCEP speaker receives an SR-ERO subobject in which both SID and
NAI are absent, it MUST consider the entire ERO object invalid and
send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = 6 ("Both SID and NAI are absent in ERO
subobject").
When a PCEP speaker receives an SR-ERO subobject in which ST is 0,
SID MUST be present and NAI MUST NOT be present(i.e., S-flag MUST be
0, F-flag MUST be 1, and the Length MUST be 8). Otherwise, it MUST
consider the entire ERO object invalid and send a PCErr message with
Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value =
11 ("Malformed object"). The PCEP speaker MAY include the malformed
SR-ERO object in the PCErr message as well.
5.4. RRO Object
A PCC can record SR-TE LSP and report the LSP to a PCE via RRO. An A PCC can record an SR-TE LSP and report the LSP to a PCE via the
RRO object contains one or more subobjects called "SR-RRO subobjects" RRO. An RRO contains one or more subobjects called "SR-RRO
whose format is shown below: subobjects" whose format is shown below:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| Type | Length | ST | Flags |F|S|C|M| | Type=36 | Length | NT | Flags |F|S|C|M|
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
| SID | | SID |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
// NAI (variable) // // NAI (variable) //
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
Figure 6: SR-RRO Subobject format Figure 6: SR-RRO Subobject format
The format of SR-RRO subobject is the same as that of SR-ERO The format of the SR-RRO subobject is the same as that of the SR-ERO
subobject without L flag. subobject, but without the L flag.
A PCC MUST assume that SR-RRO subobjects are organized such that the A PCC MUST assume that the SR-RRO subobjects are organized such that
first subobject relative to the beginning of RRO contains the the first subobject relative to the beginning of the RRO contains the
information about the topmost label, and the last subobject contains information about the topmost label, and the last subobject contains
information about the bottommost label of the SR-TE LSP. information about the bottommost label of the SR-TE LSP.
5.4.1. RRO Processing
Processing rules of SR-RRO subobject are identical to those of SR-ERO
subobject.
If a PCEP speaker receives an SR-RRO subobject in which both SID and
NAI are absent, it MUST consider the entire RRO object invalid and
send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = 7 ("Both SID and NAI are absent in RRO
subobject").
If a PCE detects that all subobjects of RRO are not identical, and if
it does not handle such RRO, it MUST send a PCErr message with Error-
Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = 10
("Non-identical RRO subobjects").
5.5. METRIC Object 5.5. METRIC Object
If a PCEP session is established with an MSD value of zero, then the If a PCEP session is established with an MSD value of zero, then the
PCC MAY specify the MSD for an individual path computation request PCC MAY specify the MSD for an individual path computation request
using the METRIC object defined in [RFC5440]. This document defines using the METRIC object defined in [RFC5440]. This document defines
a new type for the METRIC object to be used for this purpose as a new type for the METRIC object to be used for this purpose as
follows: follows:
o T = 11: Maximum SID Depth of the requested path. o T = 11: Maximum SID Depth of the requested path.
skipping to change at page 15, line 37 skipping to change at page 13, line 46
set the B (bound) bit to 1 in the METRIC object, which specifies that set the B (bound) bit to 1 in the METRIC object, which specifies that
the SID depth for the computed path MUST NOT exceed the metric-value. the SID depth for the computed path MUST NOT exceed the metric-value.
If a PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD value, then the If a PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD value, then the
PCC MUST NOT send an MSD METRIC object. If the PCE receives a path PCC MUST NOT send an MSD METRIC object. If the PCE receives a path
computation request with an MSD METRIC object on a session with a computation request with an MSD METRIC object on a session with a
non-zero MSD value then it MUST consider the request invalid and send non-zero MSD value then it MUST consider the request invalid and send
a PCErr with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and a PCErr with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error-Value 9 ("Default MSD is specified for the PCEP session"). Error-Value 9 ("Default MSD is specified for the PCEP session").
6. Backward Compatibility 6. Procedures
6.1. Exchanging the SR PCE Capability
A PCC indicates that it is capable of supporting the head-end
functions for SR-TE LSP by including the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV in
the Open message that it sends to a PCE. A PCE indicates that it is
capable of computing SR-TE paths by including the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY
sub-TLV in the Open message that it sends to a PCC.
If a PCEP speaker receives a PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV with a
PST list containing PST=1, and supports that path setup type, then it
checks for the presence of the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV. If that
sub-TLV is absent, then the PCEP speaker MUST send a PCErr message
with Error-Type 10 (Reception of an invalid object) and Error-Value
TBD1 (to be assigned by IANA) (Missing PCE-SR-CAPABILITY sub-TLV) and
MUST then close the PCEP session. If a PCEP speaker receives a PATH-
SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV with a SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV, but the
PST list does not contain PST=1, then the PCEP speaker MUST ignore
the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV.
If a PCC sets the N flag to 1, then the PCE MAY send NAI to the PCC
within the SR-ERO subobject (see Section 6.2). Otherwise, the PCE
MUST NOT send NAI to the PCC.
The number of SIDs that can be imposed on a packet depends on the
PCC's data plane's capability. If a PCC sets the L flag to 1 then
the MSD is not used and MUST be set to zero. If a PCE receives an
SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV with the L flag set to 1 then it MUST
ignore the MSD field and MUST assume that the sender can impose a SID
stack of any depth. If a PCC sets the L flag to zero, then it sets
the MSD field to the maximum number of SIDs that it can impose on a
packet. If a PCE receives an SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV with the L
flag and MSD both set to zero then it MUST assume that the PCC is not
capable of imposing a SID stack of any depth and hence is not SR-TE
capable, unless it learns a non-zero MSD for the PCC through some
other means.
Note that the MSD value exchanged via the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV
indicates the SID/label imposition limit for the PCC node. However,
if a PCE learns the MSD value of a PCC node via different means, e.g
routing protocols, as specified in:
[I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd];
[I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd];
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd], then it ignores the MSD
value in the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV. Furthermore, whenever a PCE
learns the MSD for a link via different means, it MUST use that value
for that link regardless of the MSD value exchanged in the SR-PCE-
CAPABILITY sub-TLV.
Once an SR-capable PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD
value, the corresponding PCE MUST NOT send SR-TE paths with a number
of SIDs exceeding that MSD value. If a PCC needs to modify the MSD
value, it MUST close the PCEP session and re-establish it with the
new MSD value. If a PCEP session is established with a non-zero MSD
value, and the PCC receives an SR-TE path containing more SIDs than
specified in the MSD value, the PCC MUST send a PCErr message with
Error-Type 10 (Reception of an invalid object) and Error-Value 3
(Unsupported number of Segment ERO subobjects). If a PCEP session is
established with an MSD value of zero, then the PCC MAY specify an
MSD for each path computation request that it sends to the PCE, by
including a "maximum SID depth" metric object on the request, as
defined in Section 5.5.
The N flag, L flag and MSD value inside the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV
are meaningful only in the Open message sent from a PCC to a PCE. As
such, a PCE MUST set the N flag to zero, the L flag to 1 and MSD
value to zero in an outbound message to a PCC. Similarly, a PCC MUST
ignore any MSD value received from a PCE. If a PCE receives multiple
SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLVs in an Open message, it processes only the
first sub-TLV received.
6.2. ERO Processing
6.2.1. SR-ERO Validation
If a PCC does not support the SR PCE Capability and thus cannot
recognize the SR-ERO or SR-RRO subobjects, it will respond according
to the rules for a malformed object per [RFC5440].
On receiving an SR-ERO, a PCC MUST validate that the Length field,
the S bit, the F bit and the NT field are consistent, as follows.
o If NT=0, the F bit MUST be 1, the S bit MUST be zero and the
Length MUST be 8.
o If NT=1, the F bit MUST be zero. If the S bit is 1, the Length
MUST be 8, otherwise the Length MUST be 12.
o If NT=2, the F bit MUST be zero. If the S bit is 1, the Length
MUST be 20, otherwise the Length MUST be 24.
o If NT=3, the F bit MUST be zero. If the S bit is 1, the Length
MUST be 12, otherwise the Length MUST be 16.
o If NT=4, the F bit MUST be zero. If the S bit is 1, the Length
MUST be 36, otherwise the Length MUST be 40.
o If NT=5, the F bit MUST be zero. If the S bit is 1, the Length
MUST be 20, otherwise the Length MUST be 24.
If a PCC finds that the NT field, Length field, S bit and F bit are
not consistent, it MUST consider the entire ERO invalid and MUST send
a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = 11 ("Malformed object").
If a PCC does not recognise or support the value in the NT field, it
MUST consider the entire ERO invalid and MUST send a PCErr message
with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-
Value = TBD2 ("Unsupported NAI Type in Segment ERO subobject").
If a PCC receives an SR-ERO subobject in which the S and F bits are
both set to 1 (that is, both the SID and NAI are absent), it MUST
consider the entire ERO invalid and send a PCErr message with Error-
Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = 6
("Both SID and NAI are absent in SR-ERO subobject").
If a PCC receives an SR-ERO subobject in which the S bit is set to 1
and the F bit is set to zero (that is, the SID is absent and the NAI
is present), but the PCC does not support NAI resolution, it MUST
consider the entire ERO invalid and send a PCErr message with Error-
Type = 4 ("Not supported object") and Error-Value = 4 ("Unsupported
parameter").
If a PCC receives an SR-ERO subobject in which the S bit is set to 1
and either or both of the M or C bits is set to 1, it MUST consider
the entire ERO invalid and send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10
("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = 11 ("Malformed
object").
If a PCC receives an SR-ERO subobject in which the S bit is set to
zero and the M bit is set to 1 (that is, it represents an MPLS label
value), its value (20 most significant bits) MUST be larger than 15,
unless it is a special purpose label, such as an Entropy Label
Indicator (ELI). If a PCC receives an invalid MPLS label value, it
MUST send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an
invalid object") and Error Value = 2 ("Bad label value").
If both M and C bits of an SR-ERO subobject are set to 1, and if a
PCC finds erroneous setting in one or more of TC, S, and TTL fields,
it MAY overwrite those fields with values chosen according to its own
policy. If the PCC does not overwite them, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error-Value = 4 ("Bad label format").
If the M bit of an SR-ERO subobject is set to zero but the C bit is
set to 1, then the PCC MUST consider the entire ERO invalid and MUST
send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = 11 ("Malformed object").
If the first SR-ERO represents an MPLS label value then the NAI field
MUST NOT be absent (that is, the F bit MUST be zero). The PCC needs
the NAI field to determine the first hop router in the segment routed
path. If the NAI is not present then the PCC MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error Value = TBD9 ("Cannot derive a next hop from SR-ERO").
If a PCC receives an SR-ERO subobject in which the S bit is set to
zero and the M bit is set to zero (that is, it represents an index
value), then the SID MUST be a node-SID, an adjacency-SID or a
binding-SID. If the SID is not one of these types, the PCC MUST send
a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error Value = TBD10 ("Bad SID type in SR-ERO"). If the
SID is an Adjacency-SID then the L flag MUST NOT be set. If the L
flag is set for an Adjacency-SID then the PCC MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and
Error-Value = 11 ("Malformed object").
If a PCC detects that the subobjects of an ERO are a mixture of SR-
ERO subobjects and subobjects of other types, then it MUST send a
PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = 5 ("ERO mixes SR-ERO subobjects with other
subobject types").
The SR-ERO subobjects can be classified according to whether they
contain a SID representing an MPLS label value, a SID representing an
index value, or no SID. If a PCC detects that the SR-ERO subobjects
are a mixture of more than one of these types, then it MUST send a
PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = TBD11 ("Inconsistent SIDs in SR-ERO subobjects").
6.2.2. Interpreting the SR-ERO
The PCC creates a segment routed path by converting the sequence of
SR-ERO subobjects into an MPLS label stack plus a next hop. The PCC
sends packets along the segment routed path by prepending the MPLS
label stack onto the packets and sending the resulting, modified
packet to the next hop. The following subsections explain how the
PCC converts the SR-ERO subobject sequence to an MPLS label stack and
a next hop.
6.2.2.1. SR-ERO subobjects contain MPLS Labels
If the SR-ERO subobjects contain SIDs with MPLS label values, then
proceed as follows:
(a) Initialize next_hop to null. Initialize label_stack to an empty
label stack.
(b) Get the first SR-ERO subobject from the ERO. Append its label
value to label_stack, setting the TC, S and TTL fields according
to the C bit and/or local policy. Set current_router and
next_hop to the router identified by the NAI. If the NAI is
absent from the first SR-ERO, then this is an error, and the ERO
should have failed the validation checks of Section 6.2.1.
(c) Loop through the remaining SR-ERO subobjects. For each SR-ERO
subobject, append it to label_stack, setting the TC, S and TTL
fields according to the C bit and/or local policy.
6.2.2.2. SR-ERO subobjects contain Index SIDs
If the SR-ERO subobjects contain SIDs with index values, then proceed
as follows:
(a) Initialize current_router to the local router. Initialize
next_hop to null. Initialize label_stack to an empty label
stack.
(b) Get the first SR-ERO subobject from the ERO and look the SID
index up in the LSDB.
* If the SID is a node-SID, set current_router to the node
identified by the node-SID, compute the shortest path to that
node and set next_hop to the next hop from the shortest path.
If next_hop is the router identified by the node-SID, and
that router advertised its node-SID with the P flag clear
(indicating that PHP is allowed), then do not add a label to
label_stack. Otherwise, look up the next_hop router's SRGB
in the LSDB. Get the label that is at offset node-SID
relative to the SRGB base label and append it to label_stack.
* If the SID is an adjacency-SID, set next_hop to the
corresponding routing adjacency. Do not add a label the
label_stack. Set current_router to the adjacent router.
* If the SID is a binding-SID, then append the binding SID's
associated label stack to label_stack. Set next_hop to the
first hop router in the binding SID tunnel. Set
current_router to the router that is the endpoint of the
binding-SID tunnel.
* Any other type of SID is an error, and the SR-ERO should have
failed the validation checks of Section 6.2.1.
(c) Loop through the remaining SR-ERO subobjects. For each SR-ERO
subobject, look the SID index up in the LSDB.
* If the SID is a node-SID, then look up the current_router's
SRGB in the LSDB. Get the label that is at offset node-SID
relative to the SRGB base label and append it to label_stack.
* If the SID is an adjacency-SID, then look up the
current_router's SRLB in the LSDB. Get the label that is at
offset adjacency-SID relative to the SRLB base label and
append it to label_stack.
* If the SID is a binding-SID, then look up the
current_router's SRGB in the LSDB. Get the label that is at
offset binding-SID relative to the SRGB base label and append
it to label_stack.
* Any other type of SID is an error, and the SR-ERO should have
failed the validation checks of Section 6.2.1.
6.2.2.3. SR-ERO subobjects contain NAI only
If the SR-ERO subobjects do not contain SIDs (that is, contain only
NAI), then look each NAI up in the LSDB to find the corresponding SID
index. Then proceed as described above for SID index values.
6.2.2.4. Handling Errors During SR-ERO Conversion
There are several errors that can occur during the process of
converting an SR-ERO sequence to an MPLS label stack and a next hop.
The PCC deals with them as follows.
o If the PCC cannot find a SID index in the LSDB, it MUST send a
PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = TBD3 ("Unknown SID").
o If the PCC cannot find an NAI in the LSDB, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = TBD4 ("NAI cannot be resolved to a SID").
o If the PCC cannot find an SRGB in the LSDB, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = TBD5 ("Could not find SRGB").
o If the PCC finds that a router's SRGB is not large enough for a
SID index value, it MUST send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10
("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = TBD6 ("SID
index exceeds SRGB size").
o If the PCC cannot find an SRLB in the LSDB, it MUST send a PCErr
message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = TBD7 ("Could not find SRLB").
o If the PCC finds that a router's SRLB is not large enough for a
SID index value, it MUST send a PCErr message with Error-Type = 10
("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-Value = TBD8 ("SID
index exceeds SRLB size").
o If the number of labels in label_stack exceeds the maximum number
of SIDs that the PCC can impose on the packet, it MUST send a
PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid
object") and Error-Value = 3 ("Unsupported number of Segment ERO
subobjects").
6.3. RRO Processing
The syntax checking rules that apply to the SR-RRO subobject are
identical to those of the SR-ERO subobject, except as noted below.
If a PCEP speaker receives an SR-RRO subobject in which both SID and
NAI are absent, it MUST consider the entire RRO invalid and send a
PCErr message with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object")
and Error-Value = 7 ("Both SID and NAI are absent in SR-RRO
subobject").
If a PCE detects that all subobjects of the RRO are not identical,
and if it does not support such an RRO, it MUST send a PCErr message
with Error-Type = 10 ("Reception of an invalid object") and Error-
Value = 10 ("Non-identical RRO subobjects").
7. Backward Compatibility
A PCEP speaker that does not support the SR PCEP capability cannot A PCEP speaker that does not support the SR PCEP capability cannot
recognize the SR-ERO or SR-RRO subobjects. As such, it MUST send a recognize the SR-ERO or SR-RRO subobjects. As such, it responds
PCEP error with Error-Type = 4 (Not supported object) and Error-Value according to the rules for a malformed object, per [RFC5440].
= 2 (Not supported object Type) as per [RFC5440].
Some implementations, which are compliant with an earlier version of Some implementations, which are compliant with an earlier version of
this specification, do not send the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV in this specification, do not send the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV in
their OPEN objects. Instead, to indicate that they support SR, these their OPEN objects. Instead, to indicate that they support SR, these
implementations include the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV as a top-level TLV in implementations include the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV as a top-level TLV in
the OPEN object. Unfortunately, some of these implementations made the OPEN object. Unfortunately, some of these implementations made
it into the field before this document was published in its final it into the field before this document was published in its final
form. Therefore, if a PCEP speaker receives an OPEN object in which form. Therefore, if a PCEP speaker receives an OPEN object in which
the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV appears as a top-level TLV, then it MUST the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV appears as a top-level TLV, then it MUST
interpret this as though the sender had sent a PATH-SETUP-TYPE- interpret this as though the sender had sent a PATH-SETUP-TYPE-
CAPABILITY TLV with a PST list of (0, 1) (that is, both RSVP-TE and CAPABILITY TLV with a PST list of (0, 1) (that is, both RSVP-TE and
SR-TE PSTs are supported) and with the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV as a sub- SR-TE PSTs are supported) and with the SR-CAPABILITY-TLV as a sub-
TLV. If a PCEP speaker receives an OPEN object in which both the SR- TLV. If a PCEP speaker receives an OPEN object in which both the SR-
CAPABILITY-TLV and PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV appear as top-level CAPABILITY-TLV and PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV appear as top-level
TLVs, then it MUST ignore the top-level SR-CAPABILITY-TLV and process TLVs, then it MUST ignore the top-level SR-CAPABILITY-TLV and process
only the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV. only the PATH-SETUP-TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV.
7. Management Considerations 8. Management Considerations
7.1. Policy This document adds a new path setup type to PCEP to allow LSPs to be
set up using segment routing techniques. This path setup type may be
used with PCEP alongside other path setup types, such as RSVP-TE, or
it may be used exclusively.
PCEP implementation: 8.1. Controlling the Path Setup Type
o Can enable SR PCEP capability either by default or via explicit The following factors control which path setup type is used for a
configuration. given LSP.
o May generate PCEP error due to unsupported number of SR-ERO or SR- o The available path setup types are constrained to those that are
RRO subobjects either by default or via explicit configuration. supported by, or enabled on, the PCEP speakers. The PATH-SETUP-
TYPE-CAPABILITY TLV indicates which path setup types a PCEP
speaker supports. To use segment routing as a path setup type, it
is a prerequisite that the PCC and PCE both include PST=1 in the
list of supported path setup types in this TLV, and also include
the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY sub-TLV.
7.2. The PCEP Data Model o When a PCE initiates an LSP, it proposes which path setup type to
use by including it in the PATH-SETUP-TYPE TLV in the SRP object
of the PCInitiate message. The PCE chooses the path setup type
based on the capabilities of the network nodes on the path and on
its local policy. The PCC MAY choose to accept the proposed path
setup type, or to reject the PCInitiate request, based on its
local policy.
A PCEP MIB module is defined in [RFC7420]n eeds be extended to cover o When a PCC requests a path for an LSP, it can nominate a preferred
additional functionality provided by [RFC5440] and path setup type by including it in the PATH-SETUP-TYPE TLV in the
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp]. Such extension will cover the new RP object of the PCInitiate message. The PCE MAY choose to reply
functionality specified in this document. with a path of the requested type, or to reply with a path of a
different type, or to reject the request, based on the
capabilities of the network nodes on the path and on its local
policy.
8. Security Considerations The operator can influence the path setup type as follows.
The security considerations described in [RFC5440] and o Implementations MUST allow the operator to enable and disable the
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp] are applicable to this segment routing path setup type on a PCEP-speaking device.
specification. No additional security measure is required. Implementations MAY also allow the operator to enable and disable
the RSVP-TE path setup type.
9. IANA Considerations o PCE implementations MUST allow the operator to specify that an LSP
should be instantiated using segment routing or RSVP-TE as the
proposed path setup type.
9.1. PCEP Objects o PCE implementations MAY allow the operator to configure a
preference for the PCE to propose paths using segment routing or
RSVP-TE in the absence of a specified path setup type.
This document defines a new sub-object type for the PCEP explicit o PCC implementations MUST allow the operator to specify that a path
route object (ERO), and a new sub-object type for the PCEP record requested for an LSP nominates segment routing or RSVP-TE as the
route object (RRO). The code points for sub-object types of these path setup type.
o PCC implementations MAY allow the operator to configure a
preference for the PCC to nominate segment routing or RSVP-TE as
the path setup type if none is specified for an LSP.
o PCC implementations SHOULD allow the operator to configure a PCC
to refuse to set up an LSP using an undesired path setup type.
8.2. Migrating a Network to Use PCEP Segment Routed Paths
This section discusses the steps that the operator takes when
migrating a network to enable PCEP to set up paths using segment
routing as the path setup type.
o The operator enables the segment routing PST on the PCE servers.
o The operator enables the segment routing PST on the PCCs.
o The operator resets each PCEP session. The PCEP sessions come
back up with segment routing enabled.
o If the operator detects a problem, they can roll the network back
to its initial state by disabling the segment routing PST on the
PCEP speakers and resetting the PCEP sessions.
Note that the data plane is unaffected if a PCEP session is reset.
Any LSPs that were set up before the session reset will remain in
place and will still be present after the session comes back up.
An implementation SHOULD allow the operator to manually trigger a
PCEP session to be reset.
An implementation MAY automatically reset a PCEP session when an
operator reconfigures the PCEP speaker's capabilities. However, note
that if the capabilities at both ends of the PCEP session are not
reconfigured simultaneously, then the session could be reset twice,
which could lead to unnecessary network traffic. Therefore, such
implementations SHOULD allow the operator to override this behaviour
and wait instead for a manual reset.
Once segment routing is enabled on a PCEP session, it can be used as
the path setup type for future LSPs.
User traffic is not automatically be migrated from existing LSPs onto
segment routed LSPs just by enabling the segment routing PST in PCEP.
The migration of user traffic from existing LSPs onto segment routing
LSPs is beyond the scope of this document.
8.3. Verification of Network Operation
The operator needs the following information to verify that PCEP is
operating correctly with respect to the segment routing path setup
type.
o An implementation SHOULD allow the operator to view whether the
PCEP speaker sent the segment routing PST capability to its peer.
If the PCEP speaker is a PCC, then the implementation SHOULD also
allow the operator to view the value of the L flag that was sent,
and the value of the MSD field that was sent.
o An implementation SHOULD allow the operator to view whether the
peer sent a the segment routing PST capability. If the peer is a
PCC, then the implementation SHOULD also allow the operator to
view the values of the L flag and MSD fields that the peer sent
sent.
o An implementation SHOULD allow the operator to view whether the
segment routing PST is enabled on the PCEP session.
o If one PCEP speaker advertises the segment routing PST capability,
but the other does not, then the implementation SHOULD create a
log to inform the operator of the capability mismatch.
o An implementation SHOULD allow the operator to view the PST that
was proposed, or requested, for an LSP, and the PST that was
actually used.
o If a PCEP speaker decides to use a different PST to the one that
was proposed, or requested, for an LSP, then the implementation
SHOULD create a log to inform the operator that the expected PST
has not been used. The log SHOULD give the reason for this choice
(local policy, equipment capability etc.)
o If a PCEP speaker rejects a segment routed path, then it SHOULD
create a log to inform the operator, giving the reson for the
decision (local policy, MSD exceeded etc.)
8.4. Relationship to Existing Management Models
The PCEP YANG module [I-D.ietf-pce-pcep-yang] should include:
o advertised PST capabilities and MSD per PCEP session.
o the PST configured for, and used by, each LSP.
The PCEP MIB [RFC7420] could also be updated to include this
information.
9. Security Considerations
The security considerations described in [RFC5440], [RFC8281] and
[I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type] are applicable to this specification.
No additional security measure is required.
10. IANA Considerations
10.1. PCEP Objects
This document defines a new subobject type for the PCEP explicit
route object (ERO), and a new subobject type for the PCEP record
route object (RRO). The code points for subobject types of these
objects is maintained in the RSVP parameters registry, under the objects is maintained in the RSVP parameters registry, under the
EXPLICIT_ROUTE and ROUTE_RECORD objects. IANA is requested to EXPLICIT_ROUTE and ROUTE_RECORD objects. IANA is requested to
confirm the early allocation of the following code points in the RSVP confirm the early allocation of the following code points in the RSVP
Parameters registry for each of the new sub-object types defined in Parameters registry for each of the new subobject types defined in
this document. this document.
Object Sub-Object Sub-Object Type Object Subobject Subobject Type
--------------------- -------------------------- ------------------ --------------------- -------------------------- ------------------
EXPLICIT_ROUTE SR-ERO (PCEP-specific) 36 EXPLICIT_ROUTE SR-ERO (PCEP-specific) 36
ROUTE_RECORD SR-RRO (PCEP-specific) 36 ROUTE_RECORD SR-RRO (PCEP-specific) 36
9.2. PCEP-Error Object 10.2. New NAI Type Registry
IANA is requested to create a new sub-registry within the "Path
Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers" registry called "PCEP
SR-ERO NAI Types". The allocation policy for this new registry
should be by IETF Review. The new registry should contain the
following values:
Value Description Reference
0 NAI is absent. This document
1 NAI is an IPv4 node ID. This document
2 NAI is an IPv6 node ID. This document
3 NAI is an IPv4 adjacency. This document
4 NAI is an IPv6 adjacency. This document
5 NAI is an unnumbered This document
adjacency with IPv4 node IDs.
10.3. New SR-ERO Flag Registry
IANA is requested to create a new sub-registry, named "SR-ERO Flag
Field", within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) Numbers"
registry to manage the Flag field of the SR-ERO subobject. New
values are to be assigned by Standards Action [RFC8126]. Each bit
should be tracked with the following qualities:
o Bit number (counting from bit 0 as the most significant bit)
o Capability description
o Defining RFC
The following values are defined in this document:
Bit Description Reference
0-7 Unassigned
8 NAI is absent (F) This document
9 SID is absent (S) This document
10 SID specifies TC, S This document
and TTL in addition
to an MPLS label (C)
11 SID specifies an MPLS This document
label (M)
10.4. PCEP-Error Object
IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the code-points IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the code-points
in the PCEP-ERROR Object Error Types and Values registry for the in the PCEP-ERROR Object Error Types and Values registry for the
following new error-values: following new error-values:
Error-Type Meaning Error-Type Meaning
---------- ------- ---------- -------
10 Reception of an invalid object. 10 Reception of an invalid object.
Error-value = 2: Bad label value Error-value = 2: Bad label value
Error-value = 3: Unsupported number Error-value = 3: Unsupported number
of Segment ERO of SR-ERO
subobjects subobjects
Error-value = 4: Bad label format Error-value = 4: Bad label format
Error-value = 5: Non-identical ERO Error-value = 5: ERO mixes SR-ERO
subobjects subobjects with
other subobject
types
Error-value = 6: Both SID and NAI Error-value = 6: Both SID and NAI
are absent in ERO are absent in SR-
subobject ERO subobject
Error-value = 7: Both SID and NAI Error-value = 7: Both SID and NAI
are absent in RRO are absent in SR-
subobject RRO subobject
Error-value = 9: Default MSD is Error-value = 9: Default MSD is
specified for the specified for the
PCEP session PCEP session
Error-value = 10: Non-identical RRO Error-value = 10: RRO mixes SR-RRO
subobjects subobjects with
other subobject
types
Error-value = TBD1: Missing PCE-SR- Error-value = TBD1: Missing PCE-SR-
CAPABILITY sub-TLV CAPABILITY sub-TLV
Error-value = TBD2: Unsupported NAI
Type in SR-ERO
subobject
Error-value = TBD3: Unknown SID
Error-value = TBD4: NAI cannot be
resolved to a SID
Error-value = TBD5: Could not find SRGB
Error-value = TBD6: SID index exceeds
SRGB size
Error-value = TBD7: Could not find SRLB
Error-value = TBD8: SID index exceeds
SRLB size
Error-value = TBD9: Cannot derive a
next hop from SR-
ERO
Error-value = TBD10: Bad SID type in SR-
ERO
Error-value = TBD11: Inconsistent SIDs
in SR-ERO
subobjects
Note to IANA: this draft originally had an early allocation for Note to IANA: this draft originally had an early allocation for
Error-value=11 (Malformed object) in the above list. However, we Error-value=11 (Malformed object) in the above list. However, we
have since moved the definition of that code point to draft-ietf-pce- have since moved the definition of that code point to draft-ietf-pce-
lsp-setup-type and we included an instruction in that draft for you lsp-setup-type and we included an instruction in that draft for you
to update the reference in the indicated registry. Please ensure to update the reference in the indicated registry. Please ensure
that this has happened when you process the present draft. that this has happened when you process the present draft.
Note to IANA: the final Error-value (Missing PCE-SR-CAPABILITY sub- Note to IANA: some Error-values in the above list were defined after
TLV) in the above list was defined after the early allocation took the early allocation took place, and so do not currently have a code
place, and so does not currently have a code point assigned. Please point assigned. Please assign code points from the indicated
assign a code point from the indicated registry and replace each registry and replace each instance of "TBD1", "TBD2" etc. in this
instance of "TBD1" in this document with the allocated code point. document with the respective code points.
9.3. PCEP TLV Type Indicators Note to IANA: some of the Error-value descriptive strings above have
changed since the early allocation. Please refresh the registry.
10.5. PCEP TLV Type Indicators
IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the following IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the following
code point in the PCEP TLV Type Indicators registry. code point in the PCEP TLV Type Indicators registry.
Value Meaning Reference Value Meaning Reference
------------------------- ---------------------------- -------------- ------------------------- ---------------------------- --------------
26 SR-PCE-CAPABILITY This document 26 SR-PCE-CAPABILITY This document
9.4. New Path Setup Type 10.6. New Path Setup Type
[I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type] requests that IANA creates a sub- [I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type] requests that IANA creates a sub-
registry within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) registry within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP)
Numbers" registry called "PCEP Path Setup Types". IANA is requested Numbers" registry called "PCEP Path Setup Types". IANA is requested
to allocate a new code point within this registry, as follows: to allocate a new code point within this registry, as follows:
Value Description Reference Value Description Reference
------------------------- ---------------------------- -------------- ------------------------- ---------------------------- --------------
1 Traffic engineering path is This document 1 Traffic engineering path is This document
setup using Segment Routing. setup using Segment Routing.
9.5. New Metric Type 10.7. New Metric Type
IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the following IANA is requested to confirm the early allocation of the following
code point in the PCEP METRIC object T field registry: code point in the PCEP METRIC object T field registry:
Value Description Reference Value Description Reference
------------------------- ---------------------------- -------------- ------------------------- ---------------------------- --------------
11 Segment-ID (SID) Depth. This document 11 Segment-ID (SID) Depth. This document
10. Contributors 10.8. SR PCE Capability Flags
IANA is requested to create a new sub-registry, named "SR Capability
Flag Field", within the "Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP)
Numbers" registry to manage the Flag field of the SR-PCE-CAPABILITY
TLV. New values are to be assigned by Standards Action [RFC8126].
Each bit should be tracked with the following qualities:
o Bit number (counting from bit 0 as the most significant bit)
o Capability description
o Defining RFC
The following values are defined in this document:
Bit Description Reference
0-5 Unassigned
6 Node or Adjacency This document
Identifier (NAI) is
supported (N)
7 Unlimited Maximum SID This document
Depth (L)
11. Contributors
The following people contributed to this document: The following people contributed to this document:
- Lakshmi Sharma - Lakshmi Sharma
- Jan Medved - Jan Medved
- Edward Crabbe - Edward Crabbe
- Robert Raszuk - Robert Raszuk
- Victor Lopez - Victor Lopez
11. Acknowledgements 12. Acknowledgements
We thank Ina Minei, George Swallow, Marek Zavodsky, Dhruv Dhody, Ing- We thank Ina Minei, George Swallow, Marek Zavodsky, Dhruv Dhody, Ing-
Wher Chen and Tomas Janciga for the valuable comments. Wher Chen and Tomas Janciga for the valuable comments.
12. References 13. References
12.1. Normative References 13.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd] [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd]
Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Mirsky, G., and S. Sivabalan, Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Mirsky, G., and S. Sivabalan,
"Signaling Maximum SID Depth using Border Gateway Protocol "Signaling Maximum SID Depth using Border Gateway Protocol
Link-State", draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd-01 Link-State", draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd-01
(work in progress), October 2017. (work in progress), October 2017.
[I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions] [I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-extensions]
Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Bashandy, A., Gredler, H., Previdi, S., Ginsberg, L., Filsfils, C., Bashandy, A.,
Litkowski, S., Decraene, B., and j. jefftant@gmail.com, Gredler, H., Litkowski, S., Decraene, B., and J. Tantsura,
"IS-IS Extensions for Segment Routing", draft-ietf-isis- "IS-IS Extensions for Segment Routing", draft-ietf-isis-
segment-routing-extensions-13 (work in progress), June segment-routing-extensions-18 (work in progress), June
2017. 2018.
[I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd] [I-D.ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd]
Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Aldrin, S., and L. Ginsberg, Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Aldrin, S., and L. Ginsberg,
"Signaling MSD (Maximum SID Depth) using IS-IS", draft- "Signaling MSD (Maximum SID Depth) using IS-IS", draft-
ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd-04 (work in progress), June ietf-isis-segment-routing-msd-12 (work in progress), May
2017. 2018.
[I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions] [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions]
Psenak, P., Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H., Psenak, P., Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H.,
Shakir, R., Henderickx, W., and J. Tantsura, "OSPF Shakir, R., Henderickx, W., and J. Tantsura, "OSPF
Extensions for Segment Routing", draft-ietf-ospf-segment- Extensions for Segment Routing", draft-ietf-ospf-segment-
routing-extensions-21 (work in progress), October 2017. routing-extensions-25 (work in progress), April 2018.
[I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd] [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd]
Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Aldrin, S., and P. Psenak, Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Aldrin, S., and P. Psenak,
"Signaling MSD (Maximum SID Depth) using OSPF", draft- "Signaling MSD (Maximum SID Depth) using OSPF", draft-
ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd-05 (work in progress), June ietf-ospf-segment-routing-msd-14 (work in progress), May
2017. 2018.
[I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type] [I-D.ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type]
Sivabalan, S., Tantsura, J., Minei, I., Varga, R., and J. Sivabalan, S., Tantsura, J., Minei, I., Varga, R., and J.
Hardwick, "Conveying path setup type in PCEP messages", Hardwick, "Conveying path setup type in PCEP messages",
draft-ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type-05 (work in progress), draft-ietf-pce-lsp-setup-type-10 (work in progress), May
October 2017. 2018.
[I-D.ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp] [I-D.ietf-pce-pcep-yang]
Crabbe, E., Minei, I., Sivabalan, S., and R. Varga, "PCEP Dhody, D., Hardwick, J., Beeram, V., and J. Tantsura, "A
Extensions for PCE-initiated LSP Setup in a Stateful PCE YANG Data Model for Path Computation Element
Model", draft-ietf-pce-pce-initiated-lsp-11 (work in Communications Protocol (PCEP)", draft-ietf-pce-pcep-
progress), October 2017. yang-08 (work in progress), June 2018.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing] [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing]
Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Ginsberg, L., Decraene, B.,
and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing Architecture", draft-ietf- Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing
spring-segment-routing-12 (work in progress), June 2017. Architecture", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-15 (work
in progress), January 2018.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC3032] Rosen, E., Tappan, D., Fedorkow, G., Rekhter, Y.,
Farinacci, D., Li, T., and A. Conta, "MPLS Label Stack
Encoding", RFC 3032, DOI 10.17487/RFC3032, January 2001,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3032>.
[RFC5440] Vasseur, JP., Ed. and JL. Le Roux, Ed., "Path Computation [RFC5440] Vasseur, JP., Ed. and JL. Le Roux, Ed., "Path Computation
Element (PCE) Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5440, Element (PCE) Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5440,
DOI 10.17487/RFC5440, March 2009, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC5440, March 2009,
editor.org/info/rfc5440>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5440>.
[RFC5462] Andersson, L. and R. Asati, "Multiprotocol Label Switching
(MPLS) Label Stack Entry: "EXP" Field Renamed to "Traffic
Class" Field", RFC 5462, DOI 10.17487/RFC5462, February
2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5462>.
[RFC7420] Koushik, A., Stephan, E., Zhao, Q., King, D., and J. [RFC7420] Koushik, A., Stephan, E., Zhao, Q., King, D., and J.
Hardwick, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol Hardwick, "Path Computation Element Communication Protocol
(PCEP) Management Information Base (MIB) Module", (PCEP) Management Information Base (MIB) Module",
RFC 7420, DOI 10.17487/RFC7420, December 2014, RFC 7420, DOI 10.17487/RFC7420, December 2014,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7420>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7420>.
[RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
[RFC8231] Crabbe, E., Minei, I., Medved, J., and R. Varga, "Path [RFC8231] Crabbe, E., Minei, I., Medved, J., and R. Varga, "Path
Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP)
Extensions for Stateful PCE", RFC 8231, Extensions for Stateful PCE", RFC 8231,
DOI 10.17487/RFC8231, September 2017, <https://www.rfc- DOI 10.17487/RFC8231, September 2017,
editor.org/info/rfc8231>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8231>.
12.2. Informative References [RFC8281] Crabbe, E., Minei, I., Sivabalan, S., and R. Varga, "Path
Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP)
Extensions for PCE-Initiated LSP Setup in a Stateful PCE
Model", RFC 8281, DOI 10.17487/RFC8281, December 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8281>.
13.2. Informative References
[I-D.ietf-6man-segment-routing-header]
Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Leddy, J., Matsushima, S., and
d. daniel.voyer@bell.ca, "IPv6 Segment Routing Header
(SRH)", draft-ietf-6man-segment-routing-header-13 (work in
progress), May 2018.
[I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]
Bashandy, A., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B.,
Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing with MPLS
data plane", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-14
(work in progress), June 2018.
[RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V., [RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V.,
and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP
Tunnels", RFC 3209, DOI 10.17487/RFC3209, December 2001, Tunnels", RFC 3209, DOI 10.17487/RFC3209, December 2001,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3209>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3209>.
[RFC3473] Berger, L., Ed., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label
Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol-
Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473,
DOI 10.17487/RFC3473, January 2003, <https://www.rfc-
editor.org/info/rfc3473>.
[RFC3477] Kompella, K. and Y. Rekhter, "Signalling Unnumbered Links
in Resource ReSerVation Protocol - Traffic Engineering
(RSVP-TE)", RFC 3477, DOI 10.17487/RFC3477, January 2003,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3477>.
[RFC4657] Ash, J., Ed. and J. Le Roux, Ed., "Path Computation [RFC4657] Ash, J., Ed. and J. Le Roux, Ed., "Path Computation
Element (PCE) Communication Protocol Generic Element (PCE) Communication Protocol Generic
Requirements", RFC 4657, DOI 10.17487/RFC4657, September Requirements", RFC 4657, DOI 10.17487/RFC4657, September
2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4657>. 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4657>.
[RFC8126] Cotton, M., Leiba, B., and T. Narten, "Guidelines for
Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26,
RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Siva Sivabalan Siva Sivabalan
Cisco Systems, Inc. Cisco Systems, Inc.
2000 Innovation Drive 2000 Innovation Drive
Kanata, Ontario K2K 3E8 Kanata, Ontario K2K 3E8
Canada Canada
Email: msiva@cisco.com Email: msiva@cisco.com
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